Benefits of Rose

When most people think of roses, they think of the beauty that these flowers possess and their pleasant aroma. People buy them as a gift for those that they care about, and they cultivate them in their gardens. What many people do not realize is that there is more to this flower than its enjoyable scent and its beauty.

Roses contain several compounds that can be good for human health, and they have been used for ages as a way to treat a variety of different health conditions. While in the past, many of these benefits were accepted as somewhat speculative, scientists have started research the healing benefits of many of these compounds. Let’s take a closer look at some of the health benefits that roses can provide.

What is Rose Hydrosol?

Most people are familiar with the fact that roses are commonly used in perfumes and beauty products, but roses have also been used in traditional medicine for a long time. In some cases, people may have eaten the petals or other parts of the plant to obtain these medicinal benefits, but now people use products like a rose hydrosol.

Commonly referred to as “floral waters,” a hydrosol is an extract that comes from a flower. Using steam distillation, the compounds are extracted from the plant, and they can be used for a variety of applications. In the case of a rose hydrosol, it is made by steam distilling roses. In this case, the variety of rose that is typically used is Rosa damascene.

When you look at the Damask Rose, you see a plant that contains a wide array of chemical compounds that can be beneficial. Among the compounds that can be found in this plant, you have carvone, nerol, citral, citronellol, eugenol and methyl eugenol.

A rose hydrosol can be used in aromatherapy for a variety of purposes, and it can also be applied to the skin. The oil still has the pleasant fragrance that roses are known for, so it still smells good, and it has been used for things like treating congestion, relieving anxiety and for a variety of skin and hair care applications.

Benefits of Rose

Roses can have a wide array of potential uses that go well beyond being given as a gift or for their common use as a fragrance. They can be used to provide relief from a variety of different illnesses, they have great properties for skincare and the relaxing scent makes them good for a range of different aromatherapy applications.

Now that more people are starting to identify the benefits that come from this flower, researchers are starting to take a closer look at some varieties of roses.


One of the most important benefits of rose hydrosol and other rose products is that they can act as a natural antimicrobial. Since compounds found in the Damask Rose are known to have antimicrobial effects, there have been several studies that have investigated the use of rose oils and rose waters for antibacterial purposes.

A 2002 study tested rose oil[i] and its effect on a variety of different types of bacteria. It showed effectiveness against Staphylococcus aureus. In a 2008 study[ii] that tested the effects of rose oil on bacteria, the oil was shown to have a bactericidal effect on a range of different types of bacteria.


We all know that roses smell nice, but there is more to this nice smell than you may realize. Rose oil and rose hydrosol can be used to provide relief for people that suffer from things like depression and anxiety. Using aromatherapy, a person can inhale some of the fragrance, and it can work to alleviate symptoms associated with depression and anxiety.

A study from 2012[iii] looked into the effects of aromatherapy on women with postnatal depression. In the study, the experimental group received treatment twice a week using a blend of essential oils that contained rose oil. Through this study, the researchers found that the experimental group showed significant improvements over the control group.

A further study from 2009 investigated the relaxing effects of rose oil[iv] for aromatherapy. Compared to the placebo group, the experimental group showed improvements to a range of factors that indicate increased relaxation, and the subjects in the experimental group expressed greater levels of calm when compared to the placebo group.


Several of the components in rose can be good for promoting healthy skin. In addition to the pleasant aroma, this is one of the reasons that extracts from roses are commonly used in beauty products. The antimicrobial properties make it good for treating various skin infections, but it is also good for cleansing the skin to address issues relating to acne.

In 2010, researchers investigated the effects of various essential oils[v] in treating propionibacterium acnes. Rose oil was among the essential oils that performed the best against these types of acnes. A German study from 2010[vi] also helped to show that rose oil can be a beneficial ingredient for a range of skincare products. The study showed that, when applied with rose oil, various substances will absorb deeper into the skin, and that it can increase the effectiveness of skincare products.

The above-mentioned benefits are just a start when it comes to what rose hydrosol has to offer. Early research has shown that it could have potential to relieve congestion and cough, that it has beneficial antioxidants and that it can also work for reducing inflammation and relieving pain.


[i] Aridoğan BC, “Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of some essential oils,” Archives of Phramacal Research, Vol. 25 (2002)

[ii] Adwan G, “Synergistic effects of plant extracts and antibiotics on Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from clinical specimens,” Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 2008

[iii] Conrad P, “The effects of clinical aromatherapy for anxiety and depression in the high risk postpartum woman,” Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, (2012)

[iv] Hongratanaworakit T

[v] Zu Y, “Activities of ten essential oils towards Propionibacterium acnes and PC-3, A-549 and MCF-7 cancer cells,” Molecules, (2010)

[vi] Schmitt S, “Comparative study on the in vitro human skin permeation of monoterpenes and phenylpropanoids applied in rose oil and in form of neat single compounds,” Pharmazie, (2010)

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